Poland
Environment for RES / Energy Efficiency
SWOT Analysis for RES & Energy Efficiency
STRENGHTS WEAKNESS
  • Good wind potential. Widespread use of wind power.
  • Strong interest from investors.
  • Financial support through green certificates.
  • Potential for the construction of several small hydroelectric power plants several parts of the country.
  • Great expertise in exploitation of biomass.
  • High production of bio-fuels.
  • Good geothermal potential.
  • Relatively low solar insolation for the expansion of solar energy applications.
  • Insufficient financing tools.
  • Unstable legislative framework for bio-fuels.
  • Non-stable prices for green certificates.
  • Small penetration of PV.
  • Very small hydroelectric potential.
  • The groundwater temperature is very low and cannot be utilized for geothermal applications.




OPORTUNITIES THREATS
  • Potential for the exploitation of biomass.
  • Creation of new jobs.
  • Strong demand for solar installations.
  • Improvement of RES Installations Know-how
  • Potential for energy saving applications in buildings.
  • Incentives for energy saving in transport sector.
  • Measures for energy efficiency in industrial sector.
  • Unstable and unclear regulatory framework.
  • Variable selling prices of produced energy from RES.
  • No support for the development of distributed energy production.
  • Lack of policies for the promotion of geothermal energy.
  • Wind energy has not yet become socially acceptable.
Related Programs in EEA Grants 2009-14

Chosen RES / EE Projects

Project facts:

  • Project Title: Educational and Promotional Activities in the Field of Energy Efficiency and Use of Renewable Energy including the Environmentally Friendly Houses.
  • Project Objective: Increased Awareness of and Education in Energy Efficiency.
  • Project Promoter: Ministry of the Environment.
  • Initial Project Cost: 1,352,914 €.
  • Target Group(s):


A few words for the philosophy of the project:

Energy efficiency is the strategic part of the “Poland's energy policy until 2030” adopted by the Council of Ministers on 10 November 2009. The main targets:

  • To make efforts to achieve development of Polish economy without increasing the demand for primary energy ØDecreasing the energy intensity of Polish economy to the EU-15 level (in 2005). Some examples of measures to improve energy efficiency include:
  • Act on energy efficiency with a support mechanism of white certificates.
  • Encourage the development of CHP;
  • Introduction of minimum standards for energy-using products (EU legislation).

In the above context, the project task is to increase public awareness and education on energy efficiency. A campaign supported through the EEA Grants in Poland invites people to take a closer look at the benefits of energy efficiency. Surveys show that the typical Polish resident has a negative image of the costs associated with energy saving houses. The construction of a standard house is indeed 10-20% cheaper. However, the amount spent on the maintenance, water, heating and energy consumption is much higher than in energy saving houses – and these costs are quickly added. With the support of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the Polish program ‘Saving Energy and Promoting Renewable Energy Source’, the ‘House That Saves for Me’ campaign aims to open people’s eyes to the cost-saving benefits of energy efficient housing.

Relevant Ministries, Directorates and public organizations with responsibilities in the field of education in energy efficiency and renewable energy have collaborated with the partners in particular with regard to Donor States:

  • Enova is driving the interest of children in energy matters. “Regnmakerne” has also received international attention. Enova has also experience in managing support programs where education and awareness are important parameters.
  • NVE is responsible for the energy label for buildings. Interesting experiences can be shared by calculation methods, information campaigns and control mechanisms.
  • DIBK and “Lavenergiprogrammet” participate in the European Build up Skills, to stimulate training in energy efficient building techniques.
  • Other relevant Donor States entities.

In addition, the implementation of the project has contributed to reducing energy consumption in educational institutions. People implemented a school energy monitoring system, organised a training course on environmental management system and did the thermal upgrading of selected schools. Moreover, they developed the strategy for implementing renewable energy in schools, replacing the energy inefficient traditional light that is still widely used and introduced.


Individual sub-projects:

During the project, the following measures have been implemented to promote energy saving:

  • Through the campaign, several TV spots have been created that highlight how money saved by lowering heating costs can be used on other things such as fine shoes or a good watch.
  • A website (http://oszczedzam-energie.mos.gov.pl/) was also created that encouraged users to explore the benefits of energy efficient housing in a user-friendly manner. The website contains an in-depth knowledge base that overrides the myths surrounding the construction of energy efficient housing, as well as a savings calculator.
  • A mobile app was also developed taking into account the needs of young people who will soon start their families and build new homes: The app gives practical advice and helps explain the process of building energy-saving. It also gives the estimated costs associated with it.
  • Save the heat – 2 advertisements with popular actor: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQguMF8eG5c


Results:

The campaign proved to be a success in Poland and was recently awarded the ‘Social Campaign of 2014’ award. The ‘Social Campaign of the Year’ has been organized since 2008 to promote good practices in social marketing in Poland. The 2014 Prize recognizes the efforts of the Ministry of the Environment and its partners to promote responsible practices and environmental awareness. It also proves that the wider public is interested in such a campaign.

Websites:

http://eeagrants.org/project-portal/project/PL04-0001
http://oszczedzam-energie.mos.gov.pl/


Pic. 1: Training Materials Pic. 2: Training Materials – Technologies Pic. 3: Project Event Pic. 4: Training Materials – Energy Efficiency Indicators

Project facts:

  • Project Title: Hospital Giżycko Ltd environmental activities - the exchange lighting for energy-efficient lighting, installation of the photovoltaic system and thermo-modernization
  • Project Objective: Improved energy efficiency in buildings.
  • Project Promoter: Hospital Giżycki Ltd
  • Project Initial Cost: 590.522 .
  • Target Group(s): Elderly people, Disabled.


A few words for the philosophy of the project:

Hospital Giżycko Ltd (Samodzielny Publiczny Zakład Opieki Zdrowotnej w Giżycku) is a regional hospital originally built in 1910. The facility offers medical services in the region and since 2012 its status has been transformed into a Limited Liability Company.

One of the main building types with great potential for energy saving measures are hospitals. The continued operation of hospitals is an important factor because there is so much energy consumption.

In the above framework, the aim of the project was the replacement of lighting with new technology lighting, the installation of a photovoltaic system and the improvement of the thermal performance of the buildings.

The project was chosen because it contributes to the effort to improve energy efficiency in public buildings. The implementation of the project in the long run has a positive impact on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and improves the environment of the region.


Individual sub-projects:

During the implementation of the projects the following activities have been implemented:

  • Energy-efficient lighting (LED) has been installed in The Department of Infectious Diseases building. Also, the thermal behavior of the building has been improved by applying insulation on walls and the flat roof, by replacing the old wooden window frames with new PVC (76 pieces), replacing the old wooden door with new PVC (6 pieces) and replacing the central heating installation
  • Energy-efficient lighting (LED) has been installed in the Main Building of the Hospital. Also, the walls and the ceiling in the morgue were insulated using glass wool, and the air conditioning system in the morgue was replaced.
  • Energy-efficient lighting (LED) has been installed in the Dissecting room building. Also, the flat roof was insulated, the window frames were replaced by new made of PVC (11 pieces), the door woodwork was replaced by new made of PVC (4 pieces) and the central heating was replaced.
  • Energy-efficient lighting (LED) has been installed in Hospital Administration building.
  • A photovoltaic system (PV) has been installed for power generation (430 pcs. of photovoltaic panels).

Additionally, the project was presented in a series of conferences aiming at the dissemination of project results and the exchange of know how. Those conferences were:

  • Conference entitled: "Hospital Giżycko sp. o.o. - Another step towards the environment with the participation of Norwegian Funds”. The conference took place on 10/26/2015 in the hall of the Hospital Giżycko sp. z o.o. library. The participants were executives of the project, Hospital representatives, representatives of local authorities, businesses and representatives of the hospitals that cooperated with the Hospital Giżycko sp. o.o. During the conference, the materials and the financial scope of the project were presented: Hospital Giżycko Ltd environmental activities - replacement of lighting for energy-efficient lighting, installation of photovoltaic system and thermo-modernization. Sources of funding and financiers were described. In particular, there were essentially issues that were closely related to the scope of the project: the problem of appropriate selection of emission reduction methods, good practices and projects already underway in the field of thermo-modernization and the acquisition of energy from renewable sources were among them.
  • The project team participated in a photovoltaic conference. The conference was held in Elk - the title of the conference was "Photovoltaics in the companies and local government - the investment process step by step", the organizer of the event was the Mayor of Elk. During the conference, Anna Bielsko made a presentation of the project and its progress.
  • On 02.17.2017, a conference was held at the Masovia restaurant (Dąbrowskiego 8 st. in Giżycko), presenting the progress in the implementation of the project entitled “Hospital Giżycko Ltd environmental activities - the exchange lighting for energy-efficient lighting, installation of the photovoltaic system and thermo-modernization”. The conference was attended by employees of the Hospital Giżycko Ltd., project promoters, representatives of regional and local authorities, representatives of other hospitals, representatives of the companies involved in the project.


Results:

The project achieves quantitatively:

  • Reduction of carbon dioxide emissions -1152,38 mg /year
  • Production of energy from renewable sources – 91,42 MWh/year.


Website:

http://eeagrants.org/project-portal/project/PL04-0129


Pic. 1: The Hospital (1/4) Pic. 2: The Hospital (2/4) Pic. 3: The Hospital (3/4) Pic. 4: The Hospital (4/4) Pic. 5: Hospital Location
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