Latvia
Environment for RES / Energy Efficiency
SWOT Analysis for RES & Energy Efficiency
STRENGHTS WEAKNESS
  • Good hydroelectric potential.
  • Good electricity grid that can support the penetration of RES.
  • Good potential for RES and mainly for Biomass.
  • Very high wind energy potential.
  • Strong requirements for energy management and savings in business sector.
  • Well-developed district heating system: efficient heat production (biomass and co-generation) and supply.
  • Unstable regulatory framework.
  • Limited contribution of small hydropower in energy production.
  • Limited development of PV.

OPORTUNITIES THREATS
  • Large biomass potential.
  • Developed biomass market.
  • Potential for wind farms.
  • Measures for energy saving in building sector.
  • Incentives for energy management in municipalities


  • High dependence on natural gas.
  • Changing regulatory framework.
  • Limited interest for energy savings.
Related Programs in EEA Grants 2009-14

Chosen RES / EE Projects

Project Facts:

  • Project Title: Promotion of e-mobility in Latvia for Climate Change Mitigation
  • Objective: Developed strategies and measures for adapting to a changing climate.
  • Project Promoter: Baltic Environmental Forum - Latvia.
  • Initial Project Cost: 132.301 €.
  • Target group(s): Civil servants/Public administration staff, Schools and other institutions providing education and/or training at all levels.


A few words for the philosophy of the project:

The first electric cars were created in the early 19th century. The biggest number of electric vehicles has been sold in Japan and follow US, China, France and Norway.

Latvian built «OSCar eO» is the world’s first electric car, which has completed all three distances of Dakar Rally. In 2012 Andris Dambis and Maris Saukans used it to travel 8,400 km through Argentina, Chile and Peru. In June 2015 rally team, led by Andris Dambis driving Latvian built electric sports car «eO PP03» won the “Pikes Peak International Hill Climb” competition, setting a new world record of the electric cars category.

In the above framework, the project envisages enhancing public knowledge and understanding of e-mobility related issues. The aim was to provide project target groups with understandable information on the needs for development of e-mobility and benefits for environment, society in general and each user of electric vehicles (EV).

The aim was to give the target groups of the project understandable information about the needs for developing e-mobility thus creating favorable conditions for rapid development of e-mobility in Latvia.

Electric vehicles and electric bikes are widely discussed nowadays. Both enthusiastic views about pleasant driving experience and absolute denial stating that they are unsuitable for our climatic conditions exist. Thanks to financial support from EEA funding the project, promotion of e-mobility in Latvia for climate change mitigation will help citizens to learn more about e-mobility. Municipalities will receive a practical handbook and training opportunities, everybody will get a chance for a test ride on e-bike and find out when electric vehicles are the best alternative. On this website anyone will be able to follow the development of e-mobility.

In addition, a very interesting seminar titled “Experience and future perspectives for use of electric transport in Latvia” was carried out on March 22, 2016 at the premises of CSDD Biķernieki Sports Complex. The Subjects of the seminar were:

  • Norwegian experience in use of electric vehicles.
  • e-mobility handbook for municipalities and experts of transport sector.
  • Development of e-mobility in Latvia.
  • Experience and future plans of Riga City in development of environmentally friendly transport.

Practical demonstrations of electric cars and bicycles and their charging have taken place.

Seminar is organized in co-operation with Road Traffic Safety Directorate (CSDD) in the framework of project “Promotion of e-mobility in Latvia for climate change mitigation” co-financed by EEA financial instrument.

Moreover, a study entitled “Placement of fast charging stations on TEN-T roads” commissioned by the CSDD was held from April to September 2015.

The study included a survey of users of electric vehicles (EV) registered in Latvia on their usage habits, average daily distances, most popular routes today and possible routes in the future. Experience of the neighboring countries (Estonia, Lithuania, Finland and Sweden) in the field of e-mobility and development of charging networks was studied as well. The study identified the potential locations of fast charging stations, where they can be installed at the lowest cost, while ensuring the maximum efficiency of the national charging network. Taking into account both cost-efficiency and expectations of EV users, potential locations of 55 charging stations, providing the necessary coverage on TEN-T roads within the distance of 30 km, were identified.

In February 2016 the Latvian Project team visited Norway to learn more about activities implemented in the world’s leading e-mobility country. The programme of the study tour was prepared by Norwegian project partner Enmira AS.

The project was implemented from March 2015 to April 2016.


Individual sub-projects:

The following activities were implemented:

Research of existing situation:

  • Public survey on e-mobility;
  • Workshop using focus group;

Implementation of information campaign:

  • Development and publishing of e-mobility handbook;
  • Demonstration of EV possibilities at public events;

Breaking down stereotypes on e-mobility

  • Information events with participation of well-known personalities;
  • Publications in mass media, specialised magazines and Internet portals;
  • Seminars for employees of municipalities, company managers, specialists and high school students;
  • Participation at environmental and transport conferences and specialised events.


Results:

Project was implemented by Baltic Environmental Forum - Latvia in cooperation with Ardenis Ltd., Cyclists Union of Latvia, society "Vides Fakti" and Norwegian company Enmira AS. The project implementation strengthened the capacity and expertise of involved organizations. Latvian Project team visited Norway to learn more about activities implemented in the world’s leading e-mobility country. The programme of the study tour was prepared by Norwegian project partner Enmira AS.

The picture 3 shows the proposed placement of the planned charging stations. During the first stage it is planned to install 30 charging stations within 60 km from each other, marked in blue on the map. During the second stage – additional 25 stations, marked in yellow, which will bring the distance between the stations to 30 km. The figures on the marks show the priority of a station within the respective stage.


Websites:

http://eeagrants.org/project-portal/project/LV02-0013
http://emobilitate.lv/en/


Pic. 1: Electric Vehicles in Latvia Pic. 2: Training Seminar for e-mobility in Latvia Pic. 3: Proposed measures in Latvia Pic. 4: Project opening seminar Pic. 5: Project Visit in Norway

Project Facts:

  • Project Title: Energy Efficiency Measures in the Business Support Center – Library “Sala” of Aloja Country
  • Objective: A less carbon-dependent economy.
  • Project Promoter: Aloja County Council.
  • Initial Project Cost: 614.764 €.
  • Target group(s): Bodies providing guidance, counselling and information services related to education/training.


A few words for the philosophy of the project:

Schools are in a beneficial position to enjoy these privileges. Energy efficient campuses use more than 20% less energy than other campuses. This means they’re using less oil, coal and fossil fuels. Reducing the campus' energy consumption will help to reduce air pollution and solid waste. Energy efficient campuses also have a unique opportunity to teach students about energy sustainability. An energy efficient campus can become a learning lab for students. And students who learn about energy efficiency in the classroom often transfer their knowledge home.

In the above framework, the organization "Private Secondary School ĀBVS" was established in 1994. It is an educational institution which uses R.Steinards teaching methods. The Project “Adazi Free Waldorf School Gyms Construction” is an important part for qualitative education as well as, for environmental improvement and climate change mitigation in Latvia.

Indeed, the first energy efficient sports hall is located in Riga, Latvia. Adazi Regional Council, in the context of environmental protection, participates in EU energy efficiency competition, with the council building and plans to build a new energy efficient school building.

The aim of the project is to invest in sustainable development, by building an energy efficient gym equipped with the newest energy –efficient technologies.

This new sport hall has a great importance to Adazi Free Waldorf School. Taking into consideration that up until this moment, Adazi Free Waldorf School rents sports facilities from Adazi sports complex, 2km away from the school, and many courses are made at the same time, reducing the quality of training. And so, Adazi Free Waldorf School came to the conclusion that they needed their own sports hall.

The project is the result of collaboration of two architects - Andris Tomsons and Sergejs Ņikiforovs. Also valuable contribution provided project partner - Norwegian company Solenergi Fusen AS.

Adazi Free Waldorf School has always cared about nature and its resources, therefore in the building process for the sports hall, only energy efficient materials were used, as well as specific approach to the overall building process was ensured to facilitate energy efficiency of the building. All of these solutions makes the new sports hall a so called “low-energy” building.

In the preparation for the project, Adazu Free Waldorf School carefully reviewed the open call documentation and requirements, to create high quality technical project for the sports halls construction.

In general, the project was implemented without any troubles. Project was finished on time and at this very moment the new sports hall is open and ready for work.

“Before we started the project there was a feeling that this is something very big, unbelievable and complex, and that there will surely be some kind of troubles along the way!

Due to the lack of appropriate and energy effective premises, Ādaži Free Valdorf School needs modern sports hall for sport lessons and sport activities. At the present moment school lacks its own premises. In the framework of the project, promoter managed to build low energy sports hall that demonstrates low energy consumption advantages, educates the society about climate changes and ensures sustainability of passive buildings. The technical documentation was succesfully developed. Further steps require building of the sports hall, installing renewable energy technologies, construction and monitoring. Several publicity and demonstration actions are organised: opening and finishing of construction works; informative seminar; press releases; information in mass media etc. All the above-mentioned actions should lead to high quality, energy efficient and modern premises for sports that would use 14.03 kWh/m2 per year. The main target - the sports hall fulfills the necessary environmental requirements, e.g. reduced CO2 emission, and would ensure the sound and environmentally friendly place for student activities.


Individual sub-projects:

The Project included:

  • Construction of a new low energy consumption gym


Results:

A low energy fitness gym is being built as part of the project; Taking into account the adequacy of the energy consumption of the building, during the construction process the building shell was inspected, carrying out air permeability tests and thermography.

Taking into account the specifics of the project - the building total energy consumption is 14.03 kWh / m2, the ultimate source of heating is selected the plane absorption heat pump and solar collectors for hot water production. Indoors will be installed individual climate control system, as well as energy-saving room lighting.
By the sports hall will be installed bicycles racks, as well as set up the area for the waste sorting containers.
During the whole construction period of the project will be performed the demonstration and publicity measures: construction site detection and construction final event; informative seminar; press releases; information in mass media and on the Internet environment, as well as construction boards and informative plaque will be installed at the object.

Finally at the end of the project implementation was built a low energy building, where thermal energy consumption for heating will be 14.03 kWh / m2.


Websites:

http://eeagrants.org/project-portal/project/LV02-0007
https://www.adazi.lv/en/


Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AdaziWaldorf/


Pic. 1: Energy Efficiency Measure in Building in Adazi Free Waldorf School (1/2) Pic. 2: Energy Efficiency Measure in Building in Adazi Free Waldorf School (2/2) Pic. 3: Presentation of the Project
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