|1||General||Electricity||The electricity production in Romania is equally shared between renewable and non-renewable energy sources. On the one hand hydropower has the biggest share, while on the other hand fossil fuels power plants (coal, natural gas and oil). Romania has met the EU 2020 target for RES.|
|2||General||Natural Gas||* Romania has proven natural gas reserves of 726 billion cubic meters and ranks 30th among countries with proven natural gas reserves.
* Romania is fourth in the European Union regarding natural gas production, following the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany.
|3||General||Lignite||* Natural resource: 1,49 billion tonnes (2007).
* Production: 31,2 million tonnes (2006).
|4||Photovoltaics||Today||* Installed power 69MW (2014). The romanian government supports the production of solar/photovoltaic energy by offering six (6) green certificates for each MWh produced and fed in the Grid.|
|5||Photovoltaics||Potential||* The area has a good solar potential of 210 sunny days per year and an annual solar energy flow of between 1.000 and 1.300kWh/m2/year, while approx. 600 to 800kWh/m2/year is technically feasible.
* The most important solar areas are the Black Sea coast, the area of Northern Dobruja and the area of Oltenia with an average of 1.600kWh/m2/year.
|6||Photovoltaics||Investments||* The Singureni photovoltaic park, 1 MW
* The Scornicesti photovoltaic park, 1 MW
* The Covaci photovoltaic park has 480.000 panels, 35MW
* The Gura Ialomiţei photovoltaic park, 10MW
* The Satu Mare photovoltaic park, 5-8MW
* The Sfântu Gheorghe photovoltaic park, 2,4MW
* The Segarcea photovoltaic park, 48 MW *The Gătaia photovoltaic park, 32 MW.
|7||Small Hydropower Plants||Today||* The total exploitable hydropower energy is estimated at around 36 TWh per year. An important share of this potential is already used for electricity production most by large hydroelectric storage (reservoir). The share of electricity production by hydroelectric power stations is 30%.|
|8||Small Hydropower Plants||Potential||* Romania has at least 767 hydroelectric stations. The majority of them, 621, are small plants with capacity of less than 10 MW.
* The total installed capacity of small hydropower plants is 1.125MW.
|9||Small Hydropower Plants||Investments||* An increase in the use of the country's hydropower potential is estimated from about 50% in 2005 to about 70% in 2025, by constructing new hydropower units.|
|10||Wind Parks||Today||* The total installed capacity was 2.976 MW by the end of 2015.|
|11||Wind Parks||Potential||* Potential of 14.000 MW of installed capacity and production of 23 TWh per year.
* The regions with great wind potential are Dobrogea, Moldova and Banat. The area of Dobrogea - and especially Constanta and Tulcea - is in the second place in wind power potential in Europe.
* There is the largest wind farm in Europe, the Fântânele-Cogealac wind farm, 600 MW.
|12||Wind Parks||Investments||*There areas with great potential for wind energy investments
* Several companies are interested in investing in wind farms in Romania
* Big wind farms: Sinus Holding - 700 MW, Fântânele-Cogealac - 600 MW, Blackstone - 500 MW, Deleni - 500 MW, Eolica Cogealac - 448 MW, Mărişelu - 300 MW, Eolica Sãcele - 252 MW, Eolica Casimcea - 244 MW, Văcăreni - 240 MW, Verbund Casimcea - 225 MW, Green Energy - 200 MW, Pecha - 150 MW, Sabloal Valea Dacilor - 147 MW, EDP Cernavodă - 138 MW, Eolica Beidaud - 128 MW, Eolica Baia - 126 MW, Eolica Sarichioi - 102 MW, Gheorgheni Wind Farm - 100 MW.
|13||Biomass||Today||* Biomass plays a significant role in households in rural areas.
* Almost 90% of rural housing and 45% nationwide use mainly firewood for heating.
|14||Biomass||Potential||* Biomass stock are mainly from wood waste, agricultural waste, household waste and energy crops.|
|15||Biomass||Investments||* Investments in rural development, in raw materials that are widely grown (sunflower, oilseed rape, soybean, corn, sugar cane or sorghum, willow, Cynara, Miscanthus).
* Biomass production is also an important opportunity for sustainable rural development.
|16||Geothermy||Today||* The main direct uses of geothermal heat in the country are district heating 32,34%, space heating 10,9%, swimming 25,8% and geothermal heat pumps 25,19%. In a few places geothermal energy is used for greenhouse heating 4,2% (about 10 hectares), fish farming 0,5% (some farms), industrial processing 0,4% and agricultural drying 0,7%.|
|17||Geothermy||Potential||* The third highest geothermal potential in Europe, mainly in the Western Plain, in the Southern Plains (Bucharest) and in the South Carpathian regions.
* The total capacity reaches about 7 PJ per year.
|18||Geothermy||Investments||* Development of district heating projects
* Geothermal education and research
|19||Biofules/Bioliquids||Today||*The production of biofules was stadily increased the last years
* It uses rapeseed oil as a source of biodiesel.
|20||Biofules/Bioliquids||Potential||* In 2007, it had a total cultivated area of 430.000 hectares of rapeseed oil and produced 750.000 tonnes.
* In 2007 it produced 400.000 tons of biodiesel, mainly from rapeseed and sunflower seeds.
|21||Biofules/Bioliquids||Investments||* MAN Ferrostaal invested USD 200 million in the construction of biodiesel refinery in Sibiu County, which produces about 142.000 tonnes of biodiesel annually.
* The Martifer Group will construct a biodiesel refinery in Calarasi Province and it will invest 120 million USD.
* When the refinery is in full production capacity, the country will be in the top ten biodiesel production countries in the world.
|22||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Today||* In the public sector, there is limited financial resources for energy efficiency investments, and measures foreseen by legislation and action plans can not be implemented. In the residential sector, there are some financial programs that include tax reliefs as well as financial support for multi-family residential buildings renovation.|
|23||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Potential||* Through Romania's national energy efficiency program, 1.518 multi-family residential buildings were restored during 2009 - 2014 (out of a total of approx. 85,000 building blocks), corresponding to 55.293 apartments, in order to achieve an annual specific energy consumption for heating purposes lower than 100 KWh/m2.|
|24||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Investments||*Energy efficiency programmes:
- Energy Efficiency in the residential sector,
- Program “Heating 2006-2016 – Warmth and Comfort”,
- Program Energy Efficiency in the residential sector,
- Energy efficiency in governmental buildings and public services,
- Energy efficiency in the services sector.
|25||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Today||* Energy efficiency investments in industry can be funded from own resources, the Romanian Energy Efficiency Fund and other funding programs. At present, 66 RoSEFF investments are being or have been implemented. The total funding amounts to 13,9 million €.|
|26||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Potential||*In 2013, the industrial sector was the main electricity consumer in Romania with 56% share.|
|27||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Investments||* Program "P5 - Energy efficiency in industry classified in ETS".
* Program "P6 - Energy audit and energy management".
* Support the competitiveness of green businesses and promote green entrepreneurship. Green Industry Innovation - EEA Grants Norway Grants - Romania (RO17) Total grants amount: € 29.700.000,00
|28||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Today||* Romania has a national transport system (infrastructure and means of transport) with a functional structure and services that are according to the medium standards of European transport systems.
* The strategic framework for sustainable transport policy in Romania has been aligned with the European policy set out in the White Paper Roadmap on Transport.
|29||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Potential||* Romania has a central position on the eastern border of the EU as a transit zone for both the east-west (connecting with Asia through the Black Sea) and the north-south direction (from the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean).|
|30||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Investments||* Program "P10 – Scrapping Schemes",
* Program "P11 –Energy efficiency in the transport sector" and extra measures:
* Extending the subway network in Bucharest.
* Modernization of the railway transport.
* Modernization of naval transport.
* Modernization of air transport.
* Alternative mobility.