|1||General||Electricity||*The total installed capacity was 19.690 MW in 2014. The share of RES accounted was 11.678 MW.
* Shares of energy production (2014): 30% hydropower, 27% natural gas, 22% wind energy, 20% coal and 1% solar energy.
|2||General||Natural Gas||* Natural gas power stations in Portugal: Lares power station: 826 MW,
Pego II power station: 837 MW,
Ribatejo power station: 1176 MW,
TAPADO do Outeiro II power station: 990 MW.
|3||General||Lignite||* Portugal is based on imported coal for its energy needs. Carbon imports amounted to 4,4 million tonnes (Mt) in 2014. In 2013, the largest share of coal was consumed in electricity production and only a share of 0,7% used in industry.|
|4||Photovoltaics||Today||* Portugal, one of the countries with the highest solar radiation in Europe, has a high solar potential.|
|5||Photovoltaics||Potential||* At the end of 2013, the total installed photovoltaic capacity was 277,9 MWp and the energy production was approx. 437 GWh.|
|6||Photovoltaics||Investments||* The Serpa photovoltaic plant, 11 MW, covers an area of 0.61 km² and consists of 52.000 photovoltaic panels. The plant provides enough energy for 8,000 homes and saves about 30.000 tonnes of CO2 emissions per year.
* The Coruche photovoltaic plant produces 170 MWh per year.
* The Moura photovoltaic power station, 62MWp.
|7||Small Hydropower Plants||Today||*Portugal has great potential for developing large hydropower projects.
* In 2014, hydropower accounted for 30% of the produced electricity
|8||Small Hydropower Plants||Potential||* The country has about 100 small hydropower plants, with total installed capacity of 256 MW, producing 815 GWh/year.|
|9||Small Hydropower Plants||Investments||* A small hydropower station in Vilar do Monte in northern Portugal is under construction. Other stations: Canedo 10 MW, Aguas Frias 2,7 MW, Carregal 6,4 MW, Ermida 8,7 MW, Paredes 4,8 MW, Pereira 4,5 MW, Ruaes 1,5 MW, Sao Pedro do Sul 9,6 MW, Teixo 7 MW and Vila Vicosa 3,7 MW.|
|10||Wind Parks||Today||* Wind energy is the second most developed RES after hydropower.
* The contribution of the wind energy to the national RES mix accounts for 21% or 9.965 GWh.
* In 2013, Portugal had the largest penetration of wind energy in the world.
|11||Wind Parks||Potential||* The period 2013-2016, 550 MW of wind energy were installed.
* Total installed capacity: 4.922,88 MW.
|12||Wind Parks||Investments||*Wind parks:
* Alto Minho -240 MW,
* Αrada-Montemuro -112 MW,
*Gardunha -106 MW,
*Pinhal -144 MW,
*Ventominho -240 MW,
*Pampilhosa -114 MW,
*Caramulo -90 MW,
*Candeeiros -111 MW.
* Portugal also has 2 MW of offshore capacity in the floating wind turbine WindFloat near the Aguçadoura Wave Farm.
|13||Biomass||Today||* Great biomass potential and it can be used to produce energy while already is being used in various industries.
* The use of biomass shows an increasing trend.
|14||Biomass||Potential||* In Portugal, the biomass potential for electricity production is estimated as follows: · Forest biomass - 110 MW · Animal biomass - 70 MW · Municipal solid waste - 50 MW. * There are some barriers to biomass energy. The main one is the scattered, small scale forests.|
|15||Biomass||Investments||*The Figueira biomass power plant|
|16||Geothermy||Today||* The main investment in geothermal energy is in the Azores, where geothermal energy is widespread in 8 of the 9 islands.
* In 2003, 25% of the electricity consumed in São Miguel was generated from geothermal energy.
|17||Geothermy||Potential||* Power Plants:
Pico Vermelho: 12MW.
Ribeira Grande: 16MW.
|18||Geothermy||Investments||* Surveys have shown that Terceira has high temperature geothermal sources suitable for energy production. It is planned to build a 12 MWe power unit.|
|19||Biofules/Bioliquids||Today||* The production capacity of liquid biofuels in Portugal consists mainly of biodiesel. Since the spring of 2015 there is domestic bio-ETBE production.|
|20||Biofules/Bioliquids||Potential||* In Portugal there are eight medium and large biodiesel plants: Iberol, Torrejana, Biovegetal, Prio, Sovena, Valourodiesel, Bioportdiesel, Enerfuel of total capacity 653.000 MT (2015)|
|21||Biofules/Bioliquids||Investments||* The majority of Portuguese biodiesel producers depend heavily on imported raw materials. The Portuguese biofuel industry seeks to increase domestic production of raw materials in order to reduce the country's dependence on imported raw materials.|
|22||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Today||* The household sector, which represents about 17% of energy consumption in the country, noted one of the largest developments in energy efficiency, about 33% (ODEX) among 2000-2012.|
|23||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Potential||* In 2013, Portuguese buildings were estimated at around 3.6 million, while dwellings where estimated at 5.9 million. In general, most buildings are single-family homes and only a 13% of them are multi-family residential buildings. National residential buildings do not need major repairs at 71% and only 5% are very downgraded or need major repairs. There is also 24% of buildings that need small or medium repairs.|
|24||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Investments||* There are 3 energy efficiency programs for buildings:
- Renew Home & Office.
- Energy Certification of Buildings.
- Solar Thermal.
|25||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Today||* Since 2008 the main instrument for improving energy efficiency in industry is the Management System of Intensive Consumption of Energy (SGCIE). It applies for all companies and facilities.|
|26||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Potential||* Industry is the second-largest energy consumer with a 32% share in total final energy consumption, including sub-sectors of mining, manufacturing, construction and public works.|
|27||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Investments||*The Management System of Intensive Consumption of Energy (SGCIE) is one of the measures of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (PNAEE). It aims to increase energy efficiency by modifying production processes, introducing new technologies and behavioral changes.|
|28||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Today||* The share of renewables in fuel consumption in transport and the number of new cars using alternative fuels are increasing in Portugal. The number of charging stations for electric vehicles is a bit lower than the EU average. Drivers in Portugal spend less time on congestion than drivers in the EU as a whole. Private investments in research and development for transport is rather low.|
|29||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Potential||* The transport sector is the main energy consumer and in 2013 the share of consumption was 36%.|
|30||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Investments||* Energy efficiency programs for transport:
T1: Eco Car - aiming to promote energy efficiency in transport.
T2: Urban Mobility - promote public transport
T3: Energy efficiency system in transport.