|1||General||Electricity||*Poland has the largest coal reserves in Europe, and in 2015 the share of coal and lignite based electricity production was 84%.|
|2||General||Natural Gas||*Gas Interconnection Poland–Lithuania (GIPL), also known as Lithuania–Poland pipeline, is a part of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan.|
|3||General||Lignite||* In 2009, Poland produced 57 million tonnes of lignite. The Bełchatów power station in Łódź produceapprox. 20% of the energy and is the largest lignite station in Europe.
* In 2008, 143 TWh were produced at coal-based stations.
|4||Photovoltaics||Today||* Solar energy in Poland is a new sector regarding renewable energy and photovoltaics are not yet widely used. However, solar panels are the second, after the biomass heating units, source of "green heat" in Poland. (225 photovoltaic stations in Poland of total installed capacity 51MW in 2015).|
|5||Photovoltaics||Potential||* The total installed capacity of photovoltaics connected to the grid in Poland at the end of 2012 was about 1,29 MWp. According to the Energy Regulatory Office, at the end of June 2016 the photovoltaic installed capacity was 91,82 MWp.|
|6||Photovoltaics||Investments||* Important installations of photovoltaic systems over 20 kW:
* 2,0 MW Cieszanów (under construction, from November 2014)
* 1,84 MW Kolno,
* 1,64 MW Gdańsk,
* 1,5 MW Gubin,
* 1,0 MW, Wierzchosławice
* 311 kW, Ruda Śląska,
* 100 kW, Polkowice, NG2,
* 82 kW, Łódź, hospital,
* 80,5 kW, Bydgoszcz, Frost Company,
* 71,76 kW, Jaworzno, church,
* 54 kW, Warsaw at the School of Environmental Engineering - Warsaw University of Technology,
* 40 kW, Bogumiłowice,
* 21,42 kW, Rybnik,
* 20 kW, Rzeszów, Department of Law,
* 20 kW, Warsaw, Embassy of Japan.
|7||Small Hydropower Plants||Today||* Poland has limited water resources, and is at the end of the relative ranking of European countries.|
|8||Small Hydropower Plants||Potential||* The country's hydropower potential is low due to the low capacity of the reservoirs (6% of the average annual runoff).
* At the end of 2012, 770 hydroelectric plants with total capacity of 966 MW were operating in the country.
|9||Small Hydropower Plants||Investments||* The country's hydropower potential is low and is used to a limited extent, unlike most European countries.|
|10||Wind Parks||Today||* Windpower has a small but growing contribution to the energy mix.
* By the end of 2015, the total installed capacity was 5.100 MW, producing 10.858 GWh - about 6,22% of the electricity consumed.
* By the end of 2016, the total installed capacity amounted to 5.782 MW.
|11||Wind Parks||Potential||* 1.003 wind parks, with total installed capacity of 4.254MW (2015)
* The period 2012-2014, the Nowy Tomyśl wind turbines were the highest wind turbines in the world with a height of 210 meters.
|12||Wind Parks||Investments||*Wind parks in Poland:
Margonin: 120 MW,
Karścino: 90 MW,
Nekla: 52,5 MW,
Τιμιέν: 50 MW,
Łosina : 48 MW,
Suwałki: 41 MW,
Kisielice: 40,5 MW,
Jagniątkowo: 30,6 MW,
Ostrowo: 30 MW,
Kamieńsk: 30 MW,
Zagórze: 30 MW,
Puck: 22 MW,
Cisowo: 18 MW,
Lisewo: 10,8 MW,
Barzowice: 5,1 MW.
|13||Biomass||Today||* Biomass has a dominant role in the RES mix of the country.
* 36 biomass power plants of total installed capacity 1.033MW (2015).
|14||Biomass||Potential||* Since 2015 biomass and waste have been the most important RES and it is estimated that produce 6,1% of electricity.
* In 2014, 0,7 Mtoe biofuels were used in transport, 81% as biodiesel and 19% as bioethanol, accounting for 5% of total energy consumption in the transport sector in 2014.
|15||Biomass||Investments||* The Polaniec power plant has 8x225 MWe coal and biomass units. The biomass unit, launched in 2012, is one of the largest biomass power plants in the world.|
|16||Geothermy||Today||* It has significant resources of geothermal energy, but not at high temperatures.|
|17||Geothermy||Potential||* Its geothermal potential ranges from 30°C to 130°C at a depth of 1 to 4 kilometers.
* Hot water for balneotherapy.
* Geothermal energy for heating.
* In 2013, installed geothermal power for all uses (heating, bathing, bathing and other) was about 98,84 MWt.
* Geothermal installations for space heating in the following areas: Podhale, Pyrzyce, Mszczonow, Uniejow, Kepinska, Stargard Szczecinski and Poddebice.
|18||Geothermy||Investments||* Investments in the geothermal sector for 2010-2014 are estimated to be at least $ 397 million. Most of the money (over 85%) were spent on the construction, infrastructure and equipment of new recreation and hydrotherapy centers (not for heating systems). A significant amount also went to cover drilling costs (which were mainly intended as swimming pools for recreational purposes).|
|19||Biofules/Bioliquids||Today||* Total biofuel production for 2016 was estimated at 0,8 Mbarels of biodiesel and 0,2 Mbarels of bioethanol.|
|20||Biofules/Bioliquids||Potential||* In 2015 there were 10 biodiesel plants with a total production capacity of 970.000 MT.|
|21||Biofules/Bioliquids||Investments||* There is a significant surplus of current domestic production capacity in the biodiesel and bioethanol markets and no further investment is expected in this area.|
|22||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Today||* The key tool used to promote energy-efficient and sustainable buildings is the energy certificate system based on the EU Directive 2002/91 for the energy efficiency of buildings.|
|23||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Potential||* There are 13 million apartments in multi-family residential buildings and over 8,7 million of them are located in cities.
* Every year about 180.000 new apartments are put into operation. * Heating consumes 71,2% of total energy consumption.
* For heating in the dwellings usually a central heating network is used or local-based coal or natural gas or oil boilers.
*Measures to reduce the average heat consumption.
|24||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Investments||* Investments to: lower the energy required for heating domestic hot water, decrease the loss of primary energy in local heating networks, thermo-modernisation of buildings, renovation or replacement of existing energy sources with RES, or heat and energy generated from cogeneration, lighting modernisation, installing intelligent lighting management systems, and installing systems for remotely reducing power and stabilization.|
|25||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Today||Energy efficiency measures in industry for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs):
* Support for entrepreneurs in the field of low-carbon and resource-efficient economy. Energy / electricity audits in enterprise;
* Support for entrepreneurs in low-carbon and resource-efficient economy / Part 2 - Increasing energy efficiency.
* Access to financial instruments for SMEs (PolSEFF).
* Priorities program: Improving energy efficiency. Energy saving investments in SMEs
* Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment - High efficiency energy generation.
* Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment 2007-2013 (Activity 9.2) - Efficient energy distribution.
* Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment 2014-2020 (Investment priority 4. Ii.) - Promotion of energy efficiency and RES in enterprise.
|26||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Potential||*The final energy consumption in industry between 2003 and 2013 fluctuated irregularly. Consumption was at its highest in 2007, and was followed by a decrease to below 14 Mtoe levels in 2010. From that point onward it increased irregularly.|
|27||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Investments||* Energy management system and systems managing electricity networks in enterprise buildings, electricity and heat use rationalization technologies.
* Modernisations of industrial processes.
* Investments in new technologies and appliances decreasing energy consumption.
* Generating energy from RES. *Investments into the renovation and construction of combined heat and power (CHP) generation units.
* Support the competitiveness of green businesses and promote green entrepreneurship.
|28||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Today||*Poland has a relatively low number of charging stations for electric vehicles, but an increasing number of new cars using alternative fuels. More than 60% of Polish railways are electrified. The share of renewable energy in fuel consumption is close to the EU average, but has not increased in the last years.|
|29||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Potential||* The transport sector presented the highest increase in energy consumption. This was mainly due to increased activity and structural changes (increase in the share of road transport). Between 2004 and 2013, the average annual growth rate of fuel consumption in road transport was 4,7%, with a simultaneous reduction in the energy consumption of rail transport by 35% and 4,2% per year.|
|30||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Investments||* Increase the use of rail transport. *Promote eco-driving.
* Measures concerning the fleet (mostly city buses), infrastructure and management along with modernization or construction of refueling stations.
* Modernization or construction of bike paths.
* Modernization or construction of bus passes.
* City bikes.
* IncreasE use of public transport-investments into infrastructure, fleet, and comprehensive telematic measures.
* Promote biofuels.