|1||General||Electricity||* Statement that Latvia imports clean energy is not completely clear. If it is meant that Latvia imports clean electricity it is not completely true since not all imported energy is “clear” since quite large part if electricity is imported from Russia and Estonia.
* Electricity production was 3,77TWh in 2016, from that 52,24% was produced using RES
|2||General||Natural Gas||* Two main natural gas cogeneration stations are in Riga with installed electrical power of 144MW and 832MW.|
|3||General||Lignite||* it is planned to build coal power station.|
|4||Photovoltaics||Today||* Solar radiation is significantly low, so solar energy is not as efficient as other forms of RES” since level of sun radiation is equivalent to several countries which are south to Latvia. Solar power is used in several sectors – in production, trade and households.|
|5||Photovoltaics||Potential||* There have been implemented several dozens of projects both from bilateral projects, other financial instruments and own finances..|
|6||Photovoltaics||Investments||* Biomass and hydropower have the largest shares regarding the primary energy production in Latvia. If solar and wind energy are not developed further increasing renewable energy, there would be a potential problem of sustainability and biodiversity.|
|7||Small Hydropower Plants||Today||* The hydroelectric industry consists of large hydroelectric projects on the Daugava River and small units, which have no effect small effect on the installed capacity at national level.|
|8||Small Hydropower Plants||Potential||* In 2010, there were 142 small hydropower plants with a total installed capacity of 26 MW (producing 69 GWh per year). Of these plants, only one has installed capacity more than 1MW, so small hydro (10 MW) can be considered that play a limited role in meeting the country's energy needs.|
|9||Small Hydropower Plants||Investments||* Due to the great hydropower potential, the goal is to increase the total installed capacity.|
|10||Wind Parks||Today||* Latvia has great potential for the development of wind power along the Baltic Sea coast, especially because a high-voltage transmission line extends along it.|
|11||Wind Parks||Potential||* Wind farms:
Pope wind park: 20,7 MW
Grobiņa wind park: 9,6 MW
Liepāja wind farm: 2,0 MW
Ainaži wind farm: 1,2 MW
|12||Wind Parks||Investments||* Inability to exploit wind energy in comparison to the rest Baltic countries.
* In 2014, the total installed capacity was 69 MW.
|13||Biomass||Today||* Over 50% of the country is covered by forests so wood biomass has great potential for further development. The firewood accounted for 78% in the RES mix (2013).
* The total stock of wood amounts to 634,3 million m3, while the technically available forest residues are estimated at 89 million m3. The underground fir biomass reserve comes from an area of 138.000 hectares and can produce up to 31.000 GWh.
|14||Biomass||Potential||* There are 26 biomass plants and 53 biogas plants in Latvia.
* Largest Power Stations:
Jelgava: 23 MW
Valve: 2,4 MW
Kuldiga: 0,7 MW
Tukums: 0,73 MW
Zalenieki: 0,55 MW
Vecauce: 0,26 MW.
|15||Biomass||Investments||* An increase in the use of bio-energy has been announced through 50 biomass projects.|
|16||Geothermy||Today||* Analysis of lethal geothermal resources has proven viability for use in heating and hot water supply.
* The main barrier to starting the use of geothermal heat is in financing, since geothermal installations require higher initial investment than traditional heat.
|17||Geothermy||Potential||* Larger cities more suitable for the use of geothermy water for district heating and hot water supply: Liepaja (population 98.000), Jurmala (60.000), Jelgava (71.000) and Dobele (16.000). There are no suitable consumers in rural areas.
* Coastal areas suitable for the creation of thermal baths.
|18||Geothermy||Investments||Geothermal installations in Liepaja and Dobele.|
|21||Biofules/Bioliquids||Investments||* It has announced an increase in the use of bio-energy with 50 biogas projects.|
|22||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Today||* The Latvian building sector consumes approx. 40% of the energy balance, which affects both consumers and the economy as a whole. The main final consumer is the household sector,that accounted for 33,1% of total final energy consumption in 2011. We suggest to update information and write “Energy consumption in household sector was 29,26% in 2016".|
|23||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Potential||* More than 60% of the housing stock across the country was built during the Soviet era and has very low energy efficiency.|
|24||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Investments||* In the new EU 2014-2020 programming period, the Ministry of Economics plans to invest 150 m€ to promote energy efficiency in dwellings. The Ministry of Finance estimates that 1.800 dwellings will be renovated and insulated as a result of these investments. This represents only 4,7% of all dwellings (38.000).
* The Latvian building sector has a great potential for energy saving 30% - 70% through the implementation of complex energy efficiency measures.
|25||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Today||* In the industry sector, in 2010 -2015, Climate Change Financial Instrument co-financed open tenders were implemented, covering heating systems, efficient lighting, improvement of technological equipment, heating and electricity from RES.
* EU investments in district heating systems continue in the current programming period of the EU Funds.
|26||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Potential||* Energy consumption in industry was 20,83% in 2016.|
|27||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Investments||*Support the competitiveness of green businesses and promote green entrepreneurship.|
|28||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Today||* In Latvia, the share of renewable energy in transport fuels is relatively low, with no significant increase in the last years. The number of new cars using alternative fuels and the number of charging stations for electric vehicles is also low. Latvia has one of the lowest shares of electrified railways in the EU. Drivers in Latvia spend less time on congestion than drivers in most other EU countries.|
|29||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Potential||* The transport sector is the main energy consumer and in 2016 the share of energy consumption was 30,42%.|
|30||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Investments||* Grant scheme for buying electric vehicles.
* Blue Shock Bike - producer of various electric bicycles.