|1||General||Electricity||* The main electricity producer is the Paks nuclear power station (50,7% of total domestic production) and the Mátra coal-fired power station follows (20,3%). The two stations account for 2/3 of total production.
* The total installed capacity of the power stations in 2013 was more than 9.000 MW.
* In 2015, the share of RES in the gross electricity generation is 10,5%, biomass 52%, wind energy 22%, hydropower 7% and solar energy 3%.
|2||General||Natural Gas||* The country has proven 95 billion cubic meters natural gas reserves, according to Cedigaz, equal to appοx. 40 years of current production.
* Hungary imports approx. 76% of its natural gas demand.
|3||General||Lignite||* The Hungarian coal resources amount to a total of 3.300 million tonnes, most of which are lignite.
* The Mátra power station: the only lignite-fired power plant in Hungary.
* As coal mining in Hungary has stopped, only lignite offers a long-term prospect as national resource, both because of the quantity and of the low cost of exploitation.
|4||Photovoltaics||Today||* The installed photovoltaic capacity in Hungary is very low.|
|5||Photovoltaics||Potential||* Solar energy production is progressing rapidly, starting almost from scratch. By the end of 2015 Hungary had installed more than 110MW photovoltaics. The installed capacity increased drastically in 2016, reaching 225 MW.|
|6||Photovoltaics||Investments||*The largest photovoltaic stations:
Mátra (Visonta) 16 MW (2015),
Pécs 10 MW (2016),
Sajóbábony 0,5 MW (2016),
Bojt 0,499 MW (2015),
Sellye 0,499 MW (2013),
Szombathely 0,385 MW (2016).
|7||Small Hydropower Plants||Today||* The conditions for hydroelectricity production are moderately favorable, as there are few mountainous areas and temporal differences in the distribution of rainfall.
* The remaining hydropower stations are usually former mills transformed into small hydroelectric dams.
|8||Small Hydropower Plants||Potential||*The total installed capacity in 2015 was 57MW.|
|9||Small Hydropower Plants||Investments||* Construction of small-scale hydropower plants with capacity less than 5 MW.
* Promotion of household scale stations (eg micro-hydro: 5-100 kW).
|10||Wind Parks||Today||* The total installed capacity is 329 MW. * Most wind farms are in Kisalföld.|
|11||Wind Parks||Potential||*In 2011, there were 39 wind parks, constisted of 172 wind turbines, with total installed capacity of 329MW.|
|12||Wind Parks||Investments||* The biggest wind parks:
Kisigmánd - 50 MW
Ikervár - 34 MW
Ács - 32 MW
Bőny - 25 MW
Levél - 24 MW
Mosonszolnok - 24 MW
|13||Biomass||Today||* There are excellent conditions for competitive biomass production.
* In rural areas, biomass is one of the easily available, cheap energy sources and its use for energy purposes goes beyond the energy policy objectives.
|14||Biomass||Potential||*Hungary’s solid biomass potential is based on the volume of raw materials available.
*In recent years 7 million m3 timber were annually logged, of which 5,5 million m3 were actually used, 3,5 million m3 were laminated timber including fibre wood, firewood and pulpwood.
|15||Biomass||Investments||*The development of a programme to encourage the efficient production of energy crops and the recycling of agricultural waste for energy generation.
*Biomass units for energy production due to favorable agricultural conditions in Hungary.
|16||Geothermy||Today||* Geothermal energy is widely used to heat homes and industrial areas.
* The first geothermal power station in Tura is being developed as a CHP plant with an installed electricity capacity of 3 MW and a heating capacity of 7 MW.
|17||Geothermy||Potential||* The geothermal potential is almost one and a half times higher than the world average and represents one of the country's natural treasures. The planned use of geothermal energy could serve mainly heat generation (district heating, public heating, gardens, etc.) and could triple by 2020.|
|18||Geothermy||Investments||* Reconstruction and development of spa baths combined with medical tourism opportunities.|
|19||Biofules/Bioliquids||Today||* Hungary has significant potential in the production of biofuels, supported by agricultural products.|
|20||Biofules/Bioliquids||Potential||* On average, 120.000-130.000 tons of biodiesel is produced each year, precisely to meet the expected domestic demand for biofuels.
* 6-7 million tonnes are harvested annually, of which less and less are used as feed, while the quantity extracted and industrial processing is increasing.
|21||Biofules/Bioliquids||Investments||* Plants producing biomethane are expected to be developped in the near future and will allow the use of clean biogas equivalent to natural gas for transport by feeding it into the gas network.
* Use of biofuels in vehicles, with the necessary replacement of the old bus fleet.
|22||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Today||* 40% of total energy is currently consumed in buildings, 2/3 of this consumption is used for heating and cooling.
* 80% of the approx. 4,4 million homes fail to meet modern functional, technical and thermal requirements.
|23||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Potential||* Approx. 25% of homes were built before 1945. The share of homes built between 1946 and 1980 is about 50%. As a result, approx. 75% of all homes were built before 1980, according to the thermal design requirements in force at the time. At the same time, only 8% of the total housing stock was built after 2001.|
|24||Energy Efficiency - Buildings||Investments||* Construction of new, energy-efficient buildings and restore of technically obsolete buildings,
* Renovation of business buildings,
* Increase the energy efficiency of buildings using district heating,
* Utilization of RES in the building sector,
* Implementation of energy management systems.
|25||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Today||* Improving energy efficiency in industry is facilitated by several programs: installing industrial CHP, which is on average 20-25% more efficient, the conversion of industrial fuels through the transition to natural gas and the wider use of electricity as a result of the increasing demand for precise measurement and control processes. The Operational Program for Environment and Energy provides subsidies in the business sector and the tertiary sector.|
|26||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Potential||* The shares of the energy and industrial sectors in total energy consumption are lower than the European averages. The energy sector (including self consumption and losses) accounts for 20% of energy consumption, while industry share (including non-energy uses) fell to 18% in 2010 from 29% in 1990.|
|27||Energy Efficiency - Industry||Investments||* Renovation of district heating systems.
* Technological modernization of SMEs. * Energy upgrading of industrial buildings.
* Energy upgrading of rural buildings.
* Energy consumption of the agricultural sector based on RES.
* Energy upgrading of non-residential buildings.
* Support the competitiveness of green businesses and promote green entrepreneurship.
|28||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Today||* In Hungary, drivers spend less time on average on congestion than drivers in the EU. The share of RES in the transport sector has increased in recent years and is now higher than the EU average, while the share of new cars using alternative fuels is still low. The number of charging stations for electric vehicles is also relatively low. Hungarian investment in transport research and development is lower than the EU average.|
|29||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Potential||* Energy efficiency of transport increased by 11% the period 1998-2010 and by 15% since 2000. Vehicle efficiency has only moderately increased. Consumption of good transport has remained unchanged between 1998 and 2010. Two trends that characterizes the transport sectorare: On the one hand, most of the shipment of goods has shifted from rail to road transport, as it is more flexible and less sensitive to volume. On the other hand, the stock of cars and the average car distance grew relatively fast.|
|30||Energy Efficiency -Transport||Investments||* Development and promotion of rail transport.
* Incentives for environmentally friendly cars.
* Development of Community transport systems.
* Park + Ride system for better performance transports.
* Promotion of a bicycle transport system.
* Renewal of the bus fleet.
* Promote e-mobility.